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Christian Henriot - Recherche & Publications

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Christian Henriot

Projet de recherche :

- “War made Shanghai” : Toward a spatial history of 19th-20th century Shanghai (1842-1952)

Wars have a tremendous impact on territories and their populations. Many cities were, at one point in their history, subjected to the grueling consequences of warfare. Only a few large modern metropolis have gone through such cycles of sudden and thorough destruction, followed by periods of more or less rapid reconstruction, involving a massive regeneration of their populations. In this project, we plan to demonstrate that Shanghai represents an exceptional – though unfortunate — case of an urban space that from the mid- 19th century to the late 1940s was engulfed in several conflicts. Shanghai appears in most narratives as a « success story ». A success indeed it was. And precisely, an even more astonishing success when one looks closely at the history of warfare and violence in the city. In this project, we argue that the development of Shanghai as an urban territory was conditioned by issues of defense and conflict. Shanghai thrived and prospered out of war. From the initial military foray and brief occupation by British troops in 1842 to the civil war (1945-49) and its ripples in post-war China, all through the civil rebellions (1853-55, 1860-61), revolutionary movements (1911, 1925-1927), and Sino-Japanese conflicts (1932, 1937), the city was the seat of forms of violence that affected both the spatial configuration, the distribution, composition and activities of the population, and the whole economic structure. This project proposes to explore the history of war and civilian violence in Shanghai over a long century (1842-1952) from the perspective of the spatial history and seeks to establish the determinants and modes of transformation the city that resulted from warfare. The methodological approach to be adopted fits in the realm of "digital humanities", in particular digital history.

- “Cadastres, land management and urban change in Shanghai : spatial and temporal visualization of heterogeneous series"

This project proposes to explore the urban transformation of Shanghai through the study of land management and cadastres over a century (1849-1949). We seek to establish the modes of transformation of the city with a focus on the policies and instruments designed and implemented by the foreign authorities in the city. In methodological terms, the project fits in the realm of spatial history and spatial economics, with an emphasis on geovisualization and the use of GIS. It requires collecting and processing large amounts of quantitative and qualitative data and the implementation of innovative instruments for historical research.

- “Spaces of leisure : From newspapers advertisements to « lived » and « perceived » space"

The proposed two-year program intends to establish an innovative approach to the processing of historical data from the extraction of basic units of information spread across a wide range of primary materials, to their compilation in database format, to their visualization through cutting-edge technology. It is based on the large collection of a textual data culled from four major Shanghai newspapers over a period of sixty years (1907-1966). The main corpora are the advertisements published by entertainment establishments in these newspapers. Aside from integrating these data into GIS server and web mapping, we plan to design new tools to exploit the potential of this wealth of data, especially in two main directions, visual narratives, and dynamic GIS.

Publications en ligne :

Articles in academic journals and book chapters

[PDF] “Le nouveau journalisme politique chinois, 1895-1911”, CHINE, Cahiers d’Etudes Chinoises, Paris, INALCO, 1980, pp. 5-80

[PDF] “Essai de prosopographie des élites shanghaiennes à l’époque républicaine, 1911-1949”, (avec M.-C. Bergère et al.), Annales. Economies - Sociétés - Civilisations, n°4 (July-August 1985), pp. 901-930

[PDF] “Municipal Power and Local Elites”, Republican China (United States), Vol. XI, n°2 (April 1986), pp. 1-21

“La rupture GMD-PCC en 1927 : suicide ou assassinat ?”, Cahiers d’Etudes Chinoises, Paris , INALCO, 1986, pp. 45-99

“Les études républicaines [chinoises] en R.F.A”, note de recherche, Etudes Chinoises, vol. VI, n°1 (Spring 1987), pp. 125-144

“L’ouverture de la Chine : une perspective historique”, Asie-Recherches, n°4 (December 1987).

[PDF] “Prostitution et "police des mœurs" à Shanghai aux XIXe-XXe siècles”, in La Femme en Asie Orientale, Lyon, CREOC-Lyon III, 1988, pp. 64-93

[PDF] “Municipal Reform in Guomindang China (1927-1937) : A First Appraisal”, Republican China (United States), vol. XV, n°1, 1989, pp. 19-37.

[PDF] “La Région économique de Shanghai. Un état des lieux”, in Christian Henriot (ed.), Shanghai dans les années 1980. Etudes urbaines (ed.), Lyon, Université Lyon III (Coll. Cahiers du GRECC 1), 1989, pp. 1-54.

[PDF] “‘Einsame Insel’. Shanghai unter Japanischer Herrschaft, 1937-1945” in Hiller, Marlene, Jäckel, Eberhard et Rohwer, Jürgen, Städte im 2. Weltkrieg. Ein internationaler Vergleich, Essen, Klartext, 1991, pp. 28-46.

[PDF] “Réforme économique et décentralisation en Chine populaire : le cas de la région économique de Shanghai”, Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest, vol. 22, n° 1, 1991, pp. 57-92.

[PDF] “Medicine, V.D., and Prostitution in Pre-Revolutionary China”, Social History of Medicine, Oxford University, vol. V, n° 1, 1992, pp. 95-120

[PDF] “Fiscal Modernization and Popular Protest : A Study of Tax Reform and Tax Resistance in Nationalist Shanghai, 1927-1937”, in Symposium on the Modernization in China, 1860-1949, Taipei, Academia Sinica, 1991, pp. 507-532.

[PDF] “The Evolution of Municipal Institutions in Nationalist China, 1927-1937” in Proceedings of the Conference on the Eighty Year History of the Republic of China, 1912-1991, Taipei, Jindai zhongguo chuban, 1992, pp. 44-61.

[PDF] “Villes et société urbaine en Chine aux XIXe-XXe siècle”, Historiens & Géographes, n° 340, 1993, pp. 217-232.

“Storia urbana e storia della città in Cina, XIX-XX secolo”, Storia Urbana, n° 64, juillet-September 1993, pp. 177-195.

[PDF] “La réforme de l’emploi dans les entreprises industrielles de Shanghai” in Les métropoles chinoises au XXe siècle (sous la direction de), Paris, Editions Arguments, 1995, pp. 105-128

[PDF] “Chinese courtesans in late Qing and Early republican Shanghai (1849-1925)”, East Asian History, n° 8, December 1994, pp. 33-52.

[PDF] “Cortegiane, classe dirigente e spazzio urbano a Shanghai, 1849-1919”, Storia Urbana, n° 70, January-March 1995, pp. 71-98.

[PDF] “"La Fermeture" : The Abolition of Prostitution in Shanghai, 1949-1958”, The China Quarterly, December 1995, pp. 148-167.

[PDF] “Cities and Urban Society in China in the Nineteenth and Twentieth centuries : A review essay in Western Literature”, Newsletter for Modern Chinese History, Academia Sinica, n° 21, March 1996, pp. 151-175.

[PDF] “From a Throne of Glory to a Seat of Ignominy : Shanghai Prostitution Revisited, 1849-1949”, Modern China, vol. 22, n° 2, April 1996, pp. 132-163.

[PDF] “Courtship, sex and money. The economics of courtesan houses in 19th and 20th-century Shanghai”, Women’s History Review, vol. 8, n° 3, 1999, pp. 443-465

[PDF] “上海的‘小東京’ : 一個對外隔絕的社會 (1875-1945年)” (Shanghai de ’xiao dongjing’ : yi ge duiwai gejue de shehui) [trans. of Shanghai’s ‘Little Tokyo’ : An Insulated Community (1875-1945)], 上海的研究論從 Shanghai yanjiu luncong (Papers on Shanghai Studies), n° 12, 1999, pp. 350-382.

[PDF] “Little Japan in Shanghai : An insulated community, 1875-1945” in Robert Bickers et Christian Henriot (eds.), New Frontiers : Imperialism’s new communities in East Asia, 1842-1952, Manchester University Press, 2000, pp. 146-169.

[PDF] “Rice, Power and People : The Politics of Food Supply in Wartime Shanghai (1937-1945)”, Twentieth-Century China, vol. 26, No. 1 (November 2000) pp. 41-84

[PDF] “權力與道德 : 1920-1925年上海的廢娼運動” (Quanli yu daode : 1920-1925 nian shanghai de feichang yundong) (Morality and prostitution : The Protestant campaign against prostitution in Shanghai, 1920-1925 ), 城市研究 Chengshishi yanjiu (Urban History), vol. 19-20, (2000).

[PDF] “Urbanisation et métropolisation en Chine. Le cas de Shanghai”, Techniques, territoires et sociétés, "La refondation métropolitaine. Une nouvelle phase de l’histoire urbaine”, Tome 1 L’Eurasie post-communiste : Moscou, Shanghai, Hongkong, n° 36, 2002, pp. 147-160

"Shanghai" in Michel Foucher (ed.), Asie Nouvelles, Paris, Belin, 2002, pp. 285-287.

[PDF] “Les divisions de la ville à Shanghai (19e-20e siècles)” (avec Zheng Zu’an) in Christian Topalov (ed.), Les Mots de la Ville : Divisions, Paris, Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, 2002, pp. 157-190

[PDF] “Prostitution et Vox literati à Shanghai avant la Première guerre mondiale”, Clio. Histoire, Femmes et Société, n° 17, 2003, pp. 45-64

[PDF] “公共衛生政策與殖民主義放任政策的對立 – 上海租界的性病與賣淫” (Gonggong weisheng zhengce yu zhiminzhuyi fangren zhengce de duili) [trans. of ‘Public Health Policy vs. Colonial Laissez-faire’] in Ma Changlin 馬昌林 (ed.), Zujie li de shanghai 租界里的上海 (Shanghai in Foreign Concessions), Shanghai, Shanghai shehui kexueyuan, 2003, pp. 155-166

[PDF] “Public health policy vs colonial laissez-faire : STDs and prostitution in republican Shanghai” in Micollier, (ed.) Sexual Cultures in East Asia : The Social Construction of Sexuality and Sexual Risk in a Time of AIDS, London, Curzon Press, 2004, pp. 159-182

[PDF] “Introduction”, in Christian Henriot and Wen-hsin Yeh, In the Shadow of the Rising Sun. Shanghai under Japanese Occupation, Cambridge/New York, Cambridge University Press, 2004, pp. 1-16

“Shanghai industries under Japanese occupation : Bombs, Boom and Bust (1937-1945) ”, in Christian Henriot and Wen-hsin Yeh, In the Shadow of the Rising Sun. Shanghai under Japanese Occupation, Cambridge/New York, Cambridge University Press, 2004, pp. 17-45

[PDF] “Shanghai and the experience of war : The fate of refugees”, European Journal of East Asian Studies, Vol. 5, no. 2 (2006), pp. 217-248

[PDF] "Un veneno para el pueblo. Reflexiones sobre la sostenibilidad y la estrategia de desarrollo en Shanghai" in Joquin Beltran (ed.), Perspectivas Chinas, Barcelona, Bella Terra, 2006, pp. 179-203

"Shanghai", Encyclopedia of Western Colonialism since 1450, Ed. Thomas Benjamin. Vol. 3. Detroit : Macmillan Reference USA, 2007, pp. 1011-1014

[PDF] “Scythe and Sojourning in Wartime Shanghai”, Karunungan - A Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 27, Sept. 2007, pp. 117-148

[PDF] “上海公墓研究" (Shanghai gongmu yanjiu, 1844—1949) (A study of Shanghai cemeteries) in Lu Yixu 吕一旭 and Sun Lixin 孙立新 (eds.), Zhiminzhuyi yu Zhongguo jindai shehui 殖民主義與中國近代社會 (Colonialism and Modern Chinese Society), Beijing, Renmin chubanshe, 2009, pp. 260-295

[PDF] “Senchū sengo no shanhai ni okeru shi no mondai to kyoryūmin” 戰中戰後の上海における死の問題と居留民 (Scythe and Sojourning in Wartime and Postwar Shanghai) in Nihon Shanhaishi Kenkyūkai (ed.) 日本上海史研究会(編), Kenkoku zengo no Shanhai 建國前後の上海 (Shanghai around the time of the birth of the P.R.C.) Tokyo, Kenbun shuppan, 2009, pp. 313-334

[PDF] “‘Invisible Deaths, Silent Deaths’. ‘Bodies Without Masters’ in Republican Shanghai”, Journal of Social History, Vol. 43, no. 2, 2009, pp. 407-437

[PDF] “The Shanghai Bund in myth and history : An Essay through Textual and Visual Sources”, Journal of Modern Chinese History, vol. 4, no. 1, 2010, pp. 1-27

[PDF] “A Neighborhood under the Storm : Zhabei and Shanghai Wars,” European Journal of East Asian Studies, Vol. 9, no. 2 (2010), pp. 293-321

“City Words, City of Words”, in Shi Lu and Liu Haiyan (eds.), Chengshi yongyu cidian 城市用語詞典 (Dictionary of Chinese city words), Taibei, Airiti Press, 2011, pp. I-XIII

“Wartime Shanghai Refugees : Chaos, Exclusion, and Indignity : Do Images Make up for the Absence of Memory ?” in Images in History : Pictures and Public Space in Modern China (ed. by Christian Henriot & Yeh Wen-hsin), Berkeley, IEAS Research Monographs, 2012

“The Colonial Space of Death in Shanghai (1844-1949)” in Bryna Goodman and David S. Goodman (ed.), Twentieth-Century Colonialism and China : Localities, the Everyday, and the World, London, Routledge, 2012, pp. 108-133

“Visualizing China : an introductory essay” in Visualizing China, 1845-1965. Moving and still images in historical narratives (ed. by Christian Henriot & Yeh Wen-hsin), Leiden, Brill Publishers, 2013.

“Street Culture, Visual Fragments, and Everyday Life. Narrating Peddlers in Shanghai Modern” in Visualizing China, 1845-1965. Moving and still images in historical narratives (ed., avec Yeh Wen-hsin), Leiden, Brill Publishers, 2013.

[PDF] “Beyond Glory : Modern warfare, medical assistance and casualties in the 1932 Shanghai Battle”, War and Society, vol. 31, no. 2, 2012, pp. 16-35

[PDF] “The impact of war on Shanghai’s industrial structure : A GIS-based analysis of the Shanghai industrial surveys (1935-1940)” (with Isabelle Durand), Annals of GIS, Vol. 18, no. 1, 2012, 45-55 (DOI : 10.1080/19475683.2011.647080)

[PDF] “Regeneration and Mobility : The Spatial Dynamics of Industries in Wartime Shanghai”, Journal of historical geography, vol. 38, no. 2, 2012, pp. 167-180 (DOI:10.1016/j.jhg.2011.12.001)

[PDF] “Supplying Female Bodies : Labor Migration, Sex Work, and the Commoditization of Women in Colonial Indochina and Contemporary Vietnam” [introduction to special issue], Journal of Vietnamese Studies, vol. 7, no. 1, 2012, pp. 1-9

[PDF]“Slums, squats or hutments ? Constructing and deconstructing an in-between space in modern Shanghai (1926-1965)”, Frontiers of history, 7, 2 (2012), 499-528

[PDF]“1949年以前中國的醫學, 性病與賣淫" (1949 nian yiqian zhongguo de yixue, xingbing yu maiyin) [trans. of Medicine, V.D., and Prostitution in Pre-Revolutionary China], in Xu Xinzhong 徐新忠and Du Lihong 杜麗紅 (eds.), Yiliao, shehui yu wenhua duben (Medecine, Society and Culture Reader), Beijing, Beijing daxue chubanshe, 2013, 245-269

[PDF]“Paving the way”, in Ukai Atsuko and Meng Ji (eds.) Translation, History and Arts : New Horizons in Asian Interdisciplinary Humanities Research, Newcastle, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2013, pp. 9-16

Books by Christian Henriot